Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options
Endometriosis is a chronic medical condition that affects many women. The World Health Organization estimates that roughly 190 million women of reproductive age worldwide suffer from this condition, and yet it remains one of the most underdiagnosed and poorly understood conditions. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for women with endometriosis.
Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, usually on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis. It is an inflammatory disease dependent on oestrogen, and the tissue will continue to respond to hormones just like it would in the uterus: it thickens, sheds and bleeds every menstrual cycle.
The exact cause of endometriosis is still unknown, but some theories suggest that it may be caused by genetic factors, hormonal imbalances, or a weak immune system.
The symptoms of endometriosis can vary from person to person, and some women may not experience any symptoms at all.
However, the most common symptoms of endometriosis include:
There is no cure for endometriosis, but symptoms can be relieved through medication or surgery. The treatment options for endometriosis vary depending on the severity of the condition and the woman’s age and health. Some of the most common treatment options include:
Endometriosis and Fertility
Around 30% to 50% of women with endometriosis have infertility. For women with mild to moderate endometriosis, conception is possible without medical intervention, and tracking ovulation and timing intercourse can increase the chances to conceive. In cases of moderate to severe endometriosis, medical or surgical interventions may be necessary to improve fertility, such as hormonal medications or surgery to remove cysts and adhesions.
If conception does not occur, reproductive techniques can be a hope for achieving motherhood.
Endometriosis is a challenging medical condition that affects many women worldwide. The symptoms can be painful and disruptive to everyday life. If you experience any of the symptoms associated with endometriosis, it is essential to speak with your healthcare provider to receive a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Enhanced Fertility Programme was founded by Andreia Trigo RN BSc MSc, Fertility Nurse Consultant, giving you access to personalised fertility diagnostics and care.